When tennis was invented?

History of Tennis

Tennis is a sport that is beloved all around the world today, and has been for centuries. The history of tennis dates back to the 12th century, when it was played by French monks in a game called jeu de paume. It evolved over the years and was eventually codified as the modern sport of tennis in the late 19th century.

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Origins of the Game

Tennis is believed to have originated in 12th century France, where it was known as jeu de paume (“game of the palm”). It was a game that was played by French monks, and involved hitting a ball with the palm of the hand. The game was also played by French royalty, who added elements like rackets and a net to make the game more challenging. The game of jeu de paume spread to England and other parts of Europe, where it was known by different names such as “real tennis” or “royal tennis”.

The Birth of Lawn Tennis

In the mid-19th century, Major Walter Clopton Wingfield created a game that he called “Sphairistike”, using elements from the game of jeu de paume. He then introduced this game to the public in 1873, and it quickly became popular. This game was later renamed “lawn tennis”, and it is the basis of the game that is played today.

The Development of the Rules

The rules of lawn tennis were further developed in the late 19th century. In 1875, the All England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club was founded in Wimbledon, England, and it was here that the modern game of tennis was codified. The club standardized the rules and equipment, and established the first major tournament for lawn tennis, the Wimbledon Championships.

The Early Years of Professional Tennis

The first professional tennis tournament was held in 1926, when the International Lawn Tennis Federation (ILTF) was formed. This organization was responsible for establishing the rules and regulations for professional tennis, and it was also responsible for the creation of the four Grand Slam tournaments, which are still the most prestigious tennis tournaments in the world today.

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The Rise of Open Tennis

In 1968, the ILTF changed its rules to allow professional players to compete in the Grand Slam tournaments. This change led to the rise of “open tennis”, and it enabled more players to compete in the major tournaments and win prize money.

The Development of Women’s Tennis

Women’s tennis was also on the rise in the late 19th century. Women’s tournaments were held in the early 1900s, but it wasn’t until the 1970s that women’s tennis began to gain more popularity. In 1973, the first Women’s Grand Slam tournament, the French Open, was held.

The Growth of Tennis in the Modern Era

In the decades since the introduction of open tennis, the sport has grown in popularity and become a global phenomenon. Professional tennis players are now some of the most popular athletes in the world, and tennis tournaments are held all over the globe.

The Impact of Technology on Tennis

Modern technology has also had a major impact on the sport of tennis. From the use of advanced racket technology to the development of instant replay and Hawk-Eye technology, the sport has changed drastically over the years.

Tennis Today

Today, tennis is a popular sport that is enjoyed by millions of people around the world. Professional players are some of the most well-known athletes in the world, and the sport has come a long way since its beginnings in the 12th century.


Tennis is a sport that has come a long way since its original inception in 12th century France. Over the centuries, the game has been adapted and changed, and it is now one of the most popular sports in the world. From the creation of the rules to the modern use of technology, tennis has evolved into the game that we know and love today.

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